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Vulvodynia - Bibliography by Topic

No authors listed, ACOG Committee Opinion No. 345: Vulvodynia, Obstet Gynecol, 108 (2006) 1049-52.

No authors listed, Vulvar pain may signal cancer, AWHONN Lifelines, 5 (2001) 19.

No authors listed, Vulvar Vestibulitis, The Lancet, 338 (1991) 729-730.

No authors listed, New treatment for troublesome vulvar pain, Mayo Clinic Womens Healthsource, 8 (2004) 3.

Abbott J. Gynecological indications for the use of botulinum toxin in women with chronic pelvic pain. Toxicon. 2009 Oct;54(5):647-53.

Abbott J, Med Hons B. The use of botulinum toxin in the pelvic floor for women with chronic pelvic pain - a new answer to old problem? J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2009 Mar-Apr;16(2):130-5.

Abramov, L., Wolman, I., David, M.P., Vaginismus: an important factor in the evaluation and management of vulvar vestibulitis syndrome, Gynecol Obstet Invest, 38 (1994) 194-197.

Adanu, R.M.K., Haefner, H.K. and Reed, B.D., Vulvar pain in women attending a general medical clinic in Accra, Ghana, J Reprod Med, 50 (2005) 130-4.

Advincula, A.P., Neural blockade for the treatment of vulvodynia, Abstract: International Society for the Study of Vulvovaginal Disease World Congress, Sintra, Portugal, 2001.

Aikens, J.E., Reed, B.D., Gorenflo, D.W. and Haefner, H.K., Depressive symptoms among women with vulvar dysesthesia, Am J Obstet Gynecol, 189 (2003) 462-6.

Akcali A, Ferini-Strambi L, Kaynak H, Karadeniz D, and Akcali C. Genital restlessness (vulvodynia) events accompanying restless leg syndrome. Sleep Med. 2009 Mar;10(3):395-6.

Alagiri, M., Chottiner, S., Ratner, V., Slade, D., and Hanno, P.M., Interstitial cystitis: unexplained associations with other chronic disease and pain syndromes, Urology, 49 (1997) 52-57.

Amarenco, G. and Kerdraon, J., Pudendal nerve terminal sensitive latency: technique and normal values, J Urol, 161 (1999) 103-6.

Amarenco, G., Le Cocquen-Amarenco, A., Kerdraon, J., Lacroix, P., Adba, M.A. and Lanoe, Y., [Perineal neuralgia] abstract, Presse Med, 20 (1991) 71-4.

Amarenco, G., Savatovsky, I., Budet, C. and Perrigot, M., [Perineal neuralgia and Alcock's canal syndrome] abstract, Ann Urol, 23 (1989) 488-92.

Andrews JC. Vulvodynia: an evidence-based approach to medical management. JCOM Vol. 17, No. 5 May 2010.

Arnold, L.D., Bachmann, G.A., Rosen, R. and Rhoads, G.G., Assessment of vulvodynia symptoms in a sample of US women: a prevalence survey with a nested case control study, Am J Obstet Gynecol, 196(2007) 128.e1-128.e6.

Arnold, L.D., Bachmann, G.A., Rosen, R., Kelly, S. and Rhoads, G.G., Vulvodynia: Characteristics and associations with comorbidities and quality of life, Obstet Gynecol, 107 (2006) 617-24.

Ashman, R.B. and Ott, A.K., Autoimmunity as a factor in recurrent vaginal candidosis and the minor vestibular gland syndrome, Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 34 (1989) 264-266.

Avellanet YR, Ortiz AP, Pando JR, Romaguera J. Dyspareunia in Puerto Rican middle-aged women.Menopause. 2009 Jul-Aug;16(4):742-7.

Avis, N.E., Brockwell, S., Randolph, J.F. Jr., Shen, S., Cain, V.S., Ory, M. and Greendale, G.A., Longitudinal changes in sexual functioning as women transition through menopause: results from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation, Menopause, 16 (2009) 442-52.

Axe, S. Parmley, T., Woodruff, J.D. and Hlopak, B., Adenomas in minor vestibular glands, Obstetrics and Gynecology, 68 (1986) 16-18.

Ayling K, Ussher JM. "If sex hurts, am I still a woman?" The subjective experience of vulvodynia in hetero-sexual women. Arch Sex Behav. 2008 Apr;37(2):294-304.

Babula, O., Bongiovanni, A.M., Ledger, W.J. and Witkin, S.S., Immunoglobulin E antibodies to seminal fluid in women with vulvar vestibulitis syndrome: Relation to onset and timing of symptoms, Am J Obstet Gynecol, 190 (2004) 663-7.

Babula, O., Danielsson, I., Sjoberg, I., Ledger, W.J. and Witkin, S.S., Altered distribution of mannose-binding lectin alleles at exon I codon 54 in women with vulvar vestibulitis syndrome, Am J Obstet Gynecol, 191 (2004) 762-6.

Babula, O., Linhares, I.M., Bongiovanni, A.M., Ledger, W.J. and Witkin, S.S., Association between primary vulvar vestibulitis syndrome, defective induction of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and carriage of the mannose-binding lectin codon 54 gene polymorphism, Am J Obstet Gynecol, 198 (2008) e1-101.e4.

Backman, H., Widenbrant, M., Bohm-Starke, N. and Dahlof, L. G. (2008). Combined physical and psychosexual therapy for provoked vestibulodynia-an evaluation of a multidisciplinary treatment model. J Sex Res, 45, pp. 378-85.

Bachmann, G. A., Rosen, R., Arnold, L. D., Burd, I., Rhoads, G. G., Leiblum, S., and Avis, N. (2006). Chronic vulvar and gynecologic pain: Prevalence and characteristics in a self-reported survey. J Reprod Med, 51, pp. 3-9.

Bachmann, G. A., Rosen, R., Pinn, V. W., Utian, W. H., Ayers, C., Basson, R., Binik, Y. M., Brown, C., Foster, D. C., Gibbons, J. M., Goldstein, I., Grazziottin, A., Haefner, H. K., Harlow, B. L., Kellogg Spadt, S., Leiblum, S. R., Masheb, R. M., Reed, B. D., Sobel, J. D., Veasley, C., Wesselmann, U., and Witkin, S. S. (2006). Vulvodynia: A state-of-the-art consensus on definitions, diagnosis and management. J Reprod Med, 51, pp. 447-56.

Baggish, M. S., and Miklos, J. R. (1995). Vulvar pain syndrome: A review. Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey, 50, pp. 618-627.

Baggish, M. S., Sze, E. H. M., and Johnson, R. (1997). Urinary oxalate excretion and its role in vulvar pain syndrome. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 177, pp. 507-511.

Baguley, S. D. K., Curnow, J. S. H., Morrison, G. D., and Barron, L. F. (2003). Vaginal algometer: Development and application of a device to monitor vaginal wall pressure pain threshold. Physiological Measurement, 24, pp. 833-6.

Banerjee, R., and Laufer, M. R. (1998). Reproductive disorders associated with pelvic pain. Seminars in Pediatric Surgery, 7, pp. 52-61.

Barber, M. D., Bremer, R. E., Thor, K. B., Dolber, P.C., Kuehl, T. J., and Coates, K. W. (2002). Innervation of the female levator ani muscles. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 187, pp. 64-71.

Barbero, M., Micheletti, L., Valentino, M. C. Z., Preti, M., Nicolaci, P., Ghiringhello, B. and Borgno, G. (1994). Membranous hypertrophy of the posterior fourchette as a cause of dspareunia and vulvodynia. Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 39, pp. 949-952.

Basson, R. (1994). Vulvar vestibulitis syndrome: a common condition which may present as vaginismus. Sex and Marital Therapy, 9, pp. 221-224.

Basson, R., Wierman, M. E., van Lankveld, J., and Brotto, L. (2010, Jan). Summary of the recommendations on sexual dysfunctions in women. J Sex Med., 7(1 Pt 2), pp. 314-26.

Bates, C. M., and Timmins, D. J. (2002). Vulvodynia: New and more effective approaches to therapy. Int J STD AIDS, 13, pp. 210-2.

Bautrant, E., de Bisschop, E., Vaini-Elies, V., Massonnat, J., Aleman, I., Buntinx, J., de Vlieger, J., Di Constanzo, M., Habib, L., Patroni, G., Siboni, S., Ceas, B., Schiby, V., and Uglione-Ceas, M. 92003). [In Process Citation - Pudendal Neuralgia - article in French]. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris), 32, pp. 705-12.

Bazin, S., Bouchard, C., Brisson, J., Morin, C., Meisels, A., and Fortier, M. (1994). Vulvar vestibulitis syndrome: An exploratory case-control study. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 83, pp. 47-50.

Beard, R. W. (1998). Chronic pelvic pain. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 105, pp. 8-10.

Beco, J., Climov, D., and Bex, M. (2004). Pudendal nerve decompression in perineology: A case series. BMC Surgery, 4.

Ben-David, B., and Friedman, M. (1999). Gabapentin therapy for vulvodynia. Anesth Analg, 89, pp. 1459-60.

Benrubi, G. I., and Drummond, J. (1988). Management of vulvodynia with blockade of the perineal nerve with local anesthetic and steroids. In: ISSVD Abstracts, Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 33, pp. 715-716.

Bensingor-Le Henaff, M., Labatt, J. J., Robert, R., Lajat, Y., and Papon, M. (1991). [Perineal pain and involvement of the internal pudendal nerves] abstract. Agressologie, 32, pp. 277-9.

Bergeron, C., Moyal-Barracco, M., Pelisse, M., and Lewin, P. (1994). Vulvar vestibulitis: Lack of evidence for a human papillomavirus etiology. Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 39, pp. 936-938.

Bergeron, S., Binik. Y. M., and Khalife, S. (2002). In favor of an integrated pain-relief treatment approach for vulvar vestibulitis syndrome. J Pschosom Obstet Gynecol, 23, pp. 7-9.

Bergeron, S., Binik, Y. M., Khalife, S., Meana, M., Berkley, K. J., and Pagidas, K. (1997). The treatment of vulvar vestibulitis syndrome: Towards a multimodal approach. Sexual and Marital Therapy, 12, pp. 305-311.

Bergeron, S., Binik, Y. M., Khalife, S., and Pagidas, K. (1997). Vulvar vestibulitis syndrome: A critical review.The Clinical Jounal of Pain, 13, pp. 27-42.

Bergeron, S., Binik, Y. M., Khalife, S., Pagidas, K., and Glazer, H. I. (2001). Vulvar vestibulitis syndrome: Reliability of diagnosis and evaluation of current diagnostic criteria. Obstet Gynecol, 98, pp. 45-51.

Bergeron, S., Binik, Y. M., Khalife, S., Pagidas, K., Glazer, H. I., Meana, M., and Amsel, R. (2001). A randomized comparison of group cognitive-behvioral therapy, surface electromyographic biofeedback, and vestibulectomy in the treatment of dyspareunia resulting from vulvar vestibulitis. Pain, 91, pp. 297-306.

Bergeron, S., Brown, C., Lord, M. J., Oala, M., Binik, Y. M., and Khalife, S. (2002). Physical therapy for vulvar vestibulitis syndrome: A retrospective study. J Sex Marital Ther, 28, pp. 183-92.

Bergeron, S., Bouchard, C., Fortier, M., Binik, Y. M., and Khalife, S. (1997). The surgical treatment of vulvar vestibulits syndrome: A follow-up study. Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 23, pp. 317-325.

Bergeron, S., Khalife, S., Glazer, H. I. and Binik, Y. M. (2008). Surgical and behavioral treatments for vestibulodynia: Two-and-one-half year follow-up and predictors of outcome. Obstet Gynecol, 111, pp. 159-66.

Berglund, A., Nihaard, L., and Rylander, E. (2002). Vulvar pain, sexual behavior and genital infections in a young population: A pilot study, Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand, 81, pp. 738-742.

Berman, J. R., Berman, L. A., Werbin, T. J., Flaherty, E. E., Leahy, N. M., and Goldstein, I. (1991). Clinical evaluation of female sexual function: Effects of age and estrogen status on subjective and physiologic sexual responses. Int J Imp Res, 11, pp. S31-S38.

Berman, J. R., Berman, L. A., Werbin, T. J., and Goldstein, I. (1999). Female sexual dysfunction: Anatomy, physiology, evaluation and treatment options (abstract). Curr Opin Urol, 9, pp. 563-8.

Berry SH, Bogart LM, Pham C, Liu K, Nyberg L, Stoto M, Suttorp M, Clemens JQ. Development, validation and testing of an epidemiological case definition of interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome. J Urol. 2010 May;183(5):1848-52.

Bertolasi L, Frasson E, Cappelletti JY, Vicentini S, Bordignon M, Graziottin A. Botulinum neurotoxin type a injections for vaginismus secondary to vulvar vestibulitis syndrome. Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Nov;114(5):1008-16.

Binik, Y.M., Bergeron, S. and Khalife, S., Dyspareunia, In: Leiblum, S. and Rosen, R.C., eds., Principles and Practices of Sex Therapy, New York: Guilford, 2000.

Binik, Y.M., Meana, M., Berkley, K. and Khalife, S., The sexual pain disorders: Is the pain sexual or is the sex painful? Annual Review of Sex Research, 10 (1999) 210-35.

Binik, Y.M., Reissing, E., Pukall, C., Flory, N., Payne, K.A. and Khalife, S., The female sexual pain disorders: genital pain or sexual dysfunction? Arch Sex Behav, 31 (2002) 425-9.

Black, J., Vulvar vestibulitis syndrome (VVS) is not primarily a psychosexual disorder, Aust NZJ Obstet Gynaecol, 40 (2000) 108-109.

Boardman, L.A., Cooper, A.S., Blais, L.R. and Raker, C.A., Topical gabapentin in the treatment of localized and generalized vulvodynia, Obstet Gynecol, 112 (2008) 579-85.

Boardman LA, Stockdale CK. Sexual pain. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Dec;52(4):682-90.

Boardman, L.S. and Peipert, J.F., Vulvar vestibulitis: is it a defined and treatable entitiy? Clin Obstet Gyn, 42(1999) 945-956.

Bodden-Heidrich, R., Busch, M., Kuppers, B., Beckmann, M.W., Rechenberger, I. and Bender, H.G., Chronic pelvic pain syndrome and vulvodynia as multifactorial psychosomatic syndromes: results of a psychometric and clinical study taking into account musculoskeletal diseases, Zentralbl Gynakol, 12 (1999) 389-95.

Bodden-Heidrich, R., Kuppers, V., Beckmann, M.W., Ozomek, M.W., Rechenberger, I. And Bender, H.G., Psychosomatic aspects of vulvodynia: comparison with the chronic pain syndrome, J Rep Med, 44 (1999) 411-416.

Bohl, T.G., Vulvodynia and its differential diagnoses, Seminars in Cutaneous Med and Surgery, 17 (1998) 189-95.

Bohm-Starke N. Medical and physical predictors of localized provoked vulvodynia. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2010 Dec;89(12):1504-10.

Bohm-Starke, N., Brodda-Jansen, G., Linder, J. and Danielsson, I., The result of treatment on vestibular and general pain thresholds in women with provoked vestibulodynia, Clin J Pain, 23 (2007) 598-604.

Bohm-Starke, N., Falconer, C., Rylander, E. and Hilliges, M., The expression of cyclooxygenase 2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase indicates no active inflammation in vulvar vestibulitis, Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand, 80 (2001) 638-44.

Bohm-Starke, N., Hilliges, M., Brodda-Jansen, G., Rylander, E. and Torebjork, E., Psychophysical evidence of nociceptor sensitization in vulvar vestibulitis syndrome, Pain, 94 (2001) 177-83.

Bohm-Starke, N., Hilliges, M., Falconer, C. and Rylander, E., Increased intraepithelial innervation in women with vulvar vestibulitis syndrome, Gynecol Obstet Invest, 46 (1998) 256-260.

Bohm-Starke, N., Hilliges, M., Falconer, C. and Rylander, E., Neurochemical characterization of the vestibular nerves in women with VVS, Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation, 48 (1999) 270-275.

Bohm-Starke, N., Hilliges, M., Blomgren, B., Falconer, C. and Rylander, E., Increased blood flow and erythema in the posterior vestibular mucosa in vulvar vestibulitis, Obstet Gynecol, 98 (2001) 1067-74.

Bohm-Starke, N., Johannesson, U., Hilliges, M., Rylander, E. and Torebjork, E., Decreased mechanical pain threshold in the vestibular mucosa of women using oral contraceptives: a contributing factor if vulvar vestibulitis? J Reprod Med, 49 (2004) 888-92.

Bohm-Starke, N. and Rylander, E., Surgery for localized, provoked vestibulodynia: a long-term follow-up study, J Reprod Med, 53 (2008) 83-9.

Bolandard, F. and Bazin, J.E., Nerve stimulator guided pudendal nerve blocks, Can J Anaesth, 52 (2005) 773.

Bond, C.M. and Watson, M.C., The development of evidence-based guidelines for over-the-counter treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis, Pharm World Sci (2003) 177-81.

Bornstein, J. and Abramovici, H., Combination of subtotal perineoplasty and interferon for the treatment of vulvar vestibulitis, Genecol Obstet Invest, 44 (1997) 53-56.

Bornstein, J. and Abramovici, H., Vulvar vestibulitis, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 176 (1997) 953-954.

Bornstein, J., Ben-David, Y., Hornstein, L. and Abramovici, H., Vulvar vestibulitis: a familial occurrence, The Cervix and the lower female genital tract, 10 (1992) 167-169.

Bornstein, J., Brandes-Klein, O. and Abramovici, H., The etiology of vulvar vestibulitis, Israel J Obstet Gynecol, 5 (1994) 132-135.

Bornstein, J., Cohen, Y., Zarfati, D. Sela, S. and Ophir, E., Involvement of heparanase in the pathogenesis of localized vulvodynia, Int J Gynecol Pathol, 27 (2008) 136-41.

Bornstein, J., Goldik, Z., Alter, Z, Zarfati, D. and Abramovici, H., Persistent vulvar vestibulitis: the continuing challenge, Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey, 53 (1997) 39-44.

Bornstein, J., Goldik, Z., Stolar, Z., Zarfati, D. and Abramovici, H., Predicting the outcome of surgical treatment of vulvar vestibulitis, Obstet Gynecol, 89 (1997) 695-698.

Bornstein, J., Goldschmid, N. and Sabo, E., Hyperinnervation and mast cell activation may be used as histopathologic diagnostic criteria for vulvar vestibulitis, Gynecol Obstet Invest, 58 (2004) 171-8.

Bornstein, J., Isakov, D., Fisher, M., Troudart, T. and Abramovici, H., The “burning” vulva, Israel J Obstet Gynecol, 4 (1993) 23-27.

Bornstein, J., Lahat, N., Sharon, A., Gazawi, H., Abramovici, H. and Rahat, M.A., Telomerase activity in HPV-associated vulvar vestibulitis, J Reprod Med, 45 (2000) 643-648.

Bornstein, J., Lakovsky, Y., Lavi, I., Bar-Am, A. and Abramovici, H., The classic approach to diagnosis of vulvovaginitis: A critical analysis, Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol, 9 (2001) 105-11.

Bornstein, J., Livnat, G. Stolar, Z. and Abramovici, H., Pure versus complicated vulvar vestibulitis: A randomized trial of fluconazole treatment, Gynecol Obstet Invest, 50 (2000) 194-7.

Bornstein, J., Maman, M. and Abramovici, H., “Primary” versus “secondary” vulvar vestibulitis: One disease, two variants, Am J Obstet Gynecol, 184 (2001) 28-31.

Bornstein, J., Pascal, B. amd Abramovici, H., Intramuscular beta-interferon treatment for severe vulvar vestibulitis, Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 38 (1993) 117-120.

Bornstein, J., Pascal, B. and Abramovici, H., Treatment of a patient with vulvar vestibulitis by intramuscular interferon beta; a case report, European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 42 (1991) 237-239.

Bornstein, J., Pascal, G and Abramovici, H., Vulvar vestibulitis treated by intramuscular beta interferon, J Interferon Research, 10 (1990) S111.

Bornstein, J., Sabo, E., Goldshmid, N. and Abramovici, H., A mathematical model for the histopathologic diagnosis of vulvar vestibulitis based on a histomorphometric study of innervation and mast cell activation, Abstract: International Society for the Study of Vulvovaginal Disease, Sintra, Portugal, 2001.

Bornstein, J., Shapiro, S., Goldshmid, N., Goldik, Z., Lahat, N. and Abramovici, H., Severe vulvar vestibulits: relation to HPV infection, The Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 42 (1997) 514-518.

Bornstein, J., Shapiro, S., Rahat, M., Goldshmid, N., Goldik, Z., Abramovici, H. and Lahat, N., Polymerase chain reaction search for viral etiology of vulvar vestibulitis syndrome, American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 175 (1996) 139-144.

Bornstein J, Tuma R, Farajun Y, Azran A, Zarfati D. Topical nifedipine for the treatment of localized provoked vulvodynia: a placebo-controlled study. J Pain. 2010 May 25. [Epub ahead of print]

Bornstein, J., Zarfati, D., Fruchter, O., Goldshmid, N. and Abramovici, H., A repetitive DNA sequence that characterizes human papillomavirus integration site into the human genome is present in vulvar vestibulitis, Eur J Obstet Gyn Rep Biol, 89 (2000) 173-176.

Bornstein, J., Zarfati, D., Goldik, Z. and Abramovici, H., Perineoplasty compared with vestibuloplasty for severe vulvar vestibulitis, British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 102 (1995) 652-655.

Bornstein, J., Zarfati, D., Goldshmid, N., Stolar, Z., Lahat, N. and Abramovici, H., Vestibulodynia - a subset of vulvar vestibulitis or a novel syndrome, Am J Obstet Gynecol, 177 (1997) 1439-1443.

Bornstein, J., Zarfati, D., Goldik, Z. and Abramovici, H., Treatment of intractable vulvar vestibulitis, Israel J Obstet Gynecol, 5 (1994) 149-152.

Bornstein, J., Zarfati, D., Goldik, Z. and Abramovici, H., Vulvar vestibulitis: physical or psychosexual problem? Obstet Gynecol, 93 (1999) 876-80.

Both, S. and Laan, E., Simultaneous measurement of pelvic floor muscle activity and vaginal blood flow: a pilot study, J Sex Med, 4 (2007) 690-701.

Bouchard, C., Brisson, J., Fortier, M., Morin, C. and Bianohette, C., Use of oral contraceptive pills and vulvar vestibulitis: a case-control study, Am J Epidemiol, 156 (2002) 254-61.

Bowen AR, Vester A, Marsden L, Florell SR, Sharp H, Summers P. The role of vulvar skin biopsy in the evaluation of chronic vulvar pain. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Nov;199(5):467.e1-6.

Bradshaw, D.H., Empy, C., Davis, P., Lipschitz, D., Nakamura, Y. and Chapman, C.R., Trends in funding for research on pain: a report on the National Institutes of Health grant awards over the years 2003 to 2007, The Journal of Pain, 9 (2008) 1077-87.

Brauer M, de Jong PJ, Huijding J, Laan E, Ter Kuile MM. Automatic and deliberate affective associations with sexual stimuli in women with superficial dyspareunia. Arch Sex Behav. 2009 Aug;38(4):486-97.

Brauer M, Ter Kuile MM, Laan E. Effects of appraisal of sexual stimuli on sexual arousal in women with and without superficial dyspareunia. Arch Sex Behav. 2009 Aug;38(4):476-85.

Brauer, M., ter Kuile, M.M., Laan, E. and Trimbos, B., Congnitive-affective correlates and predictors of superficial dyspareunia, J Sex Marital Ther, 35 (2009) 1-24.

Brin, M.F. and Vapnek, J.M., Treatment of vaginismus with botulinum toxin injections, The Lancet, 349 (1997) 252-253.

Brotto, L.A., Basson, R. and Gehring, D., Psychological profiles among women with vulvar vestibulitis syndrome: a chart review, J Psychosom Obstet Gynecol, 24 (2003) 195-203.

Brotto, L.A., Krychman, M. and Jacobson, P., Eastern approaches for enhancing women's sexuality: mindfulness, acupuncture, and yoga (CME), J Sex Med, 5 (2008) 2741-8; quiz 2749.

Brotto LA, Sadownik L, Thomson S. Impact of educational seminars on women with provoked vestibulodynia. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2010 Feb;32(2):132-8.

Brown, C., Bachmann, G. and Ling F.W., Differential diagnosis of seizure associated with topical lidocaine in a patient with vestibulodynia, J Low Genit Tract Dis, 13 (2009) 51.

Brown, C.S., Glazer, H.I., Vogt, V., Menkes, D. and Bachmann, G., Subjective and objective outcomes of botulinum toxin type A treatment in vestibulodynia: pilot data, J Reprod Med, 51 (2006) 635-41.

Brown, C.S., Wan, J., Bachmann, G. and Rosen, R., Self-management, amitriptyline, and amitriptyline plus triamcinolone in the management of vulvodynia, J Womens Health (Larchmt), 18 (2009) 163-9.

Buchan, A., Munday, P. Ravenhill, G., Wiggs, A. and Brooks, F., A qualitative study of women with vulvodynia: I. The journey into treatment, J Reprod Med, 52 (2007) 15-8.

Burrows, L.J., Klingman, D., Pukall, C.F. and Goldstein, A.T., Umbilical hypersensitivity in women with primary vestibulodynia, J Reprod Med, 53 (2008) 413-6.

Burrows LJ, Sloane M, Davis G, Heller DS, Brooks J, Goldstein A. Parturition after vestibulectomy. J Sex Med. 2010 Aug 16. [Epub ahead of print]

Burten, A.W., Anti-epileptic drugs for pain management, Internet Journal of Pain, Symptom Control and Palliative Care (2001), www.ispub.com/journals/UPSP/Vol1N2/pain-a.html

Butrick CW. Pelvic floor hypertonic disorders: identification and management. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2009 Sep;36(3):707-22.

Butrick CW, Howard FM, Sand PK. Diagnosis and treatment of Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2010 May 22. [Epub ahead of print]

Butrick CW, Sanford D, Hou Q, Mahnken JD. Chronic pelvic pain syndromes: clinical, urodynamic, and urothelial observations. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2009 Sep;20(9):1047-53.

Byrne, M.A., Walker, M.M., Leonard, J., Pryce, D. and Taylor-Robinson, D., Recognising covert disease in women with chronic vulval sumptoms attending an STD clinic: value of detailed examination including colposcopy, Genitourin Med, 65 (1989) 46-49.

Byth, J.L., Understanding vulvodynia, Australasian Journal of Dermatology, 39 (1998) 139-150.

Cai, R.S., Alexander, M.S. and Marson, L., Activation of somatosensory afferents elicit changes in vaginal blood flow and the urethrogenital reflex via autonomic efferents, J Urol, 180 (2008) 1167-72.

Canavan, T.P. and Heckman, C.D., Dyspareunia in women, Postgraduate Medicine, 108 (2000) 149-160, 164-166.

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